Assault on the Rights of Workers in USA and Mexico

ACORN International Labor Organizing

Solidaridad-1New Orleans When I was working the streets as an organizer, and now that I’m still working the “allied trades,” my rule of thumb was that if a name was mentioned to me twice, that meant I needed to find the person, and if three times, I needed to do it immediately, to build the organization.  The famous story of Fred Ross pursuing Cesar Chavez on the same basis in Fresno over and over was a great example of the same working system.

All of this is a long way around Susie’s house to say that yesterday it seemed that over and over I had one conversation after another about the deterioration of workers’ rights.  Whether I looked for these conversations or not, they simply found me.   A call from Ohio was chilling about the attack on public employees there, and then a friend and comrade told me equally frightening stories from Florida which were barely turned back, but where public employees in the only Southern state with a collective bargaining law, will be under siege for years.

I had a long, impassioned correspondence from Suyapa Amador, ACORN Mexico’s head organizer, about the war on all workers being waged in Mexico to gut labor laws that had been foundational protections in the Mexican Constitution since shortly after the Revolution there.  An email later in the day posted by labor journalist and photographer, David Bacon, echoed the same themes.

There’s no question about these proposals been bad and draconian.  Bacon lays it out better than Google translate could summarize Suyapa’s arguments:

“Article 123 of the Mexican Constitution spelled them out.  Workers have the right to jobs and permanent status once they’re hired.  If they’re laid off, they have the right to severance pay.  They have rights to housing, health care, and training.  In a legal strike, they can string flags across the doors of a factory or workplace, and even the owner can’t enter until the dispute is settled.  Strikebreaking is prohibited.  The new law would change most of that.  Companies would be able to hire workers in a six-month probationary status, and then fire them at the end without penalty.  Even firing workers with 20 or 30 years on the job would suddenly become much easier and cheaper for their employers, by limiting the penalty for unjust termination to one year’s severance pay.   The justification, of course, is that by reducing the number of workers at a worksite, while requiring those remaining to work harder, productivity increases and profits go up.  Meanwhile for workers, though, a permanent job and stable income become a dream, while the fear of firing grows, hours get longer, and work gets faster, harder and more dangerous. The labor law reform proposal deepens those changes.  The 40-hour workweek was written into the Federal Labor Law, which codified the rights in Article 123.  That limit would end.  Even the current 7-peso/hour minimum wage ($5/day) would be undermined, as employers would gain the unilateral right to set wages.  The independent review of safe working conditions would be heavily restricted.  Mexican workers aren’t passive and work stoppages and protests are much more common than they are today in the U.S.  Greater activity by more angry workers, therefore, wouldn’t be hard to predict.  So the labor law reform takes this into account as well.  Even in union workplaces with a collective agreement setting wages and conditions, an employer could force individual workers to sign individual agreements with fewer rights or lower wages.  Companies could subcontract work with no limit, giving employers the ability to find low-cost contractors with no union to replace unionized, higher-wage employees.  And it would become much more difficult to go on strike.”

I’m not trying to say, “hey stop your whining, look how bad it could be!”  I am saying that what we are now seeing in the USA is part of a global assault being masterminded by corporations with their political allies and servants.  To see Wisconsin, Ohio, Florida, Mexico, and the list goes on and on, as isolated examples of “rationalizing” the workplace or “rightsizing” wages, benefits, and productivity is ridiculous.

These are all battles in the same war against workers.  And, we are not winning!