Tag Archives: ACORN Home Savers Campaign

In South L.A., the share of black households experiencing severe rent burdens is about 50 percent.

Pulling CRA’s Teeth When It Needs to Bite Harder

New Orleans  Dine’ Butler and I had just finished our presentation about the impact of predatory land installment contracts and hedge funds in the Memphis real estate market at the Hooks Institute event at the University of Memphis recently.  As the crowd thinned out, a woman came up to us, not whispering, but holding her hand next to her mouth in an almost conspiratorial manner to say she wanted to thank ACORN for its work in the Home Savers Campaign, but more importantly for its many decades at forcing banks to honor their obligations under the Community Reinvestment Act.

She was now a consultant based in Memphis, but told us a story of the time she had worked at Bank of America’s headquarters in North Carolina in the CRA compliance unit.  She almost laughed confiding the fear and widespread panic that had gripped their department in the months before the annually scheduled meetings with ACORN’s representatives to review the agreement.  She felt ACORN made all the difference in the world in Bank of America’s commitment and implementation of programs under the CRA.  It was gratifying to hear her story, but it has made be more worried about the current efforts by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency to weaken the Act once again.

Homelessness in America has risen significantly in the figures comparing 2017 and 2018, driven by an over 16% increase in homelessness in Los Angeles.  Reading a deeply researched piece in the New York Times (https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/12/22/us/los-angeles-homeless-black-residents.html), it was impossible not see the African-American community as bearing the brunt of the problem.  Eight percent of black residents of Los Angeles were homeless at one point or another in 2019, among other Angelenos the rate was 1 in 100.  African-Americans make up 8% of Los Angeles County’s population but they are 42% of the homeless with more than 60,000 black Angelenos experiencing homelessness during 2019, according to county records.

How did this happen?  The authors mince no words.  When looking at the epicenter of the homeless crisis and its impact on African-Americans all the data points to South Los Angeles.  The root cause is exactly what the Community Reinvestment Act was passed to solve.

Through a practice known as redlining, real estate agents and lenders marked these neighborhoods as areas undesirable for investment, preventing residents there from obtaining home loans.

By 1970, three-quarters of Los Angeles County’s black population lived in just two dozen neighborhoods in South L.A. That concentration made the area a center of black culture and the site of a burgeoning black middle class.

When manufacturing jobs declined in the 1980s, black unemployment nearly doubled. Drugs and gangs ravaged the neighborhoods, kicking off a period of black flight. Harsh policing and high incarceration hollowed out the community.

In the 1990s, Latinos started moving to the area and the cost of living rose. Black residents moved to Inglewood and the Crenshaw corridor, or out of the county entirely.

These maps show the loss of majority-black neighborhoods in Los Angeles County over the last 50 years.

By 2000, South L.A. had a new racial makeup. Once predominantly black spaces were now majority Latino, and the black residents who remained were among the city’s poorest. The Great Recession hit them the hardest while the recovery offered them the least. About a third of South L.A.’s black residents now live in poverty.

We can’t solve today’s problems without going to the root.  The Community Reinvestment Act is one of the tools we can use, community organizations working with banks, to make sure that families finally were able to access decent and affordable housing.  We need a stronger set of laws and regulations today, as much if not more, than we did forty odd years ago.  We need a CRA with a bigger bite, not with all its teeth pulled.


Rental Rip-offs, Big, Small, and Dangerous

New Orleans      The rental market in the USA is the wild west.  Not the west where the “deer and the buffalo roam” and “the skies are never cloudy.”  That’s long gone.  The rental mark in America is now the wild west of HBO’s “Deadwood” and the Massacre at Wounded Knee.

On the high end, Blackstone Group, the giant Wall Street private equity outfit, has just cashed out of its last remaining stake in its rental home business created from the 2008 foreclosure crisis, reaping about $7 billion from start to finish.  They caught a whooper by bottom fishing on family misery.  The ACORN Home Savers Campaign was recently in Memphis documenting for the Hooks Institute how they and others had hijacked the rental housing market in the city.

The rental crisis is everywhere.  Twenty-three million people — overwhelmingly children, working adults, seniors, and people with disabilities — live in a low-income household that pays more than half of its income for rent. Roughly one in three renters in Los Angeles reports spending more than half of their income on housing, census data shows.  The gap between median renter income and median rent widened in 2018, new Census data show, with median rent rising 2.1 percent in inflation-adjusted terms but median renter household income rising just 1.6 percent, to $40,500.

Let’s agree.  It’s bad out there for renters.  Worse for some than others.

Take for example on the low end, the recent horror stories reported in Little Rock in an almost 5000-word piece in the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette about the 1000-units there owned and operated with impunity by the Chicago-based AMG Rental Group.

How bad?  Well, this bad:

Since 2018, AMG properties in Pulaski County have racked up more than 1,000 code enforcement violations, although the company did not own all of the properties for all of that period, records show.  As of November, AMG owned or managed at least six properties with 935 apartments in Little Rock and one property with 92 apartments in North Little Rock, according to public records. In the past year, code inspectors found as many as 16 violations in one apartment. They cited the company’s apartments for 1,162 violations.  About 35% of the total violations — more than 400 — were for life-safety issues, such as exposed wiring or faulty smoke alarms that could endanger a tenant’s life. Those violations are supposed to be addressed more quickly than other types of code violations.

AMG’s website says their investment strategy:

…focuses on acquiring overlooked and undervalued multi-family assets, with the potential to add value via a repositioning of the property, including operationally, structurally or financially. AMG seeks neglected assets that combine a strategic location and low cost basis. Once we acquire a property, we manage the property “in house”, which results in a clear alignment of interest between ourselves, our investors and our residents.

In other words, they’re bottom fishing with a vengeance.

Little Rock inspectors say they are getting better and making progress.  Little Rock police barred the reporter from the property despite having an invitation to visit by a tenant.  The record elsewhere indicates, that their disregard and manipulation of tenants and violations of habitability codes is not an anomaly, but a business model.  As the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette reported:

Concerns over tenant safety led Ohio officials to sue AMG, the Hot Springs Housing Authority to stop sending housing voucher business to one of its complexes and Tulsa officials to close an entire complex.  In Columbus, Ohio, city attorney Zach Klein filed what his office touted as the “largest public nuisance lawsuit” in the city’s history.  Before Klein filed suit in September 2018, the city had imposed $1,000 daily fines, allowed under a 2014 law that penalizes “negligent property owners.”  AMG, the first company to receive such a sanction, racked up at least $75,000 in fines. “Filing a lawsuit of this size and scope became necessary, because of the property owner’s troubling pattern of ignoring the city’s orders to fix a series of code violations,” Klein said in the news release.  “We already have evidence of harm and injury to our residents, so it’s imperative for us to get every one of AMG’s apartments under court order to force them to take their tenants’ safety seriously,” the city attorney said.

The underbelly of escalating rents, callous evictions at record levels, and costs that suck the life blood out of family budgets is more than financial.  The real price is in human suffering and personal, permanent harm.  AMG Realty Group is one of many.  They and others must be stopped.  Tenants are starting to organize.  They need our support.  Their lives depend on it!