Tag Archives: class

Mexico City’s Roma: Film and Reality

Ongoing demonstration on Reforma for the missing busload of students still not found in recent years

Mexico City     How could we be in Mexico City for the holidays and not hear from friends in the States that we needed to watch Roma on Netflix?  How could we miss the signs on bus stops and billboards everywhere as we walked along Avenida Reforma advertising Roma in theaters as well as on NetflixOk, we couldn’t, so laptop, literally on my lap, we hunkered down to see what the film offered.

So, if you are not in Mexico City this may have slipped by you with the US government potentially shutting down, the Defense Secretary resigning, troop pullouts in Syria and Afghanistan, and Trump going on and on about building his new wailing wall at the border.  Roma is a very personal film from director Alfonso Cuaron based on his own upbringing in a middle-class family in the Roma neighborhood of Mexico City in the 1970s and is centered on one of the domestic workers who lived with their family.

Alfonso Cuaron is one of the great directors of our time.  He won an Academy Award for Gravity with Sandra Bullock and George Clooney, the first Mexican to do so.  We’ve seen Children of Men (2006) and Y Tu Mama Tambien (2001) which he directed and were unforgettable.  He was the producer of Pan’s Labyrinth (2006), another unique film.  Short story:  Cuaron is serious business.

Roma is a period piece for a time in the early 1970s that is unforgettable in Mexico and for those of us who travel in the country and care about it deeply.  Films about domesticity where class, race, and ethnicity are so stark are wearing, and I found the first thirty minutes a personal slog.  Had I not been watching it with family, I would have fast forwarded, but that would have also been a mistake, because Cuaron was setting the scene where calm and order breed chaos, and inequity holds the seeds of rage, even when misdirected.

Cuaron used an untrained actor for Cleo, the family maid and mother-substitute for the family.  He reportedly spent a year trying to find someone with the look and sensibility that matched Libo, his family’s maid and caretaker.  She is quietly powerful throughout the movie and the drama ends up paralleling that of the family where his parents are going through a divorce and the country is experiencing the upheaval that ended in the tragic killing of student protestors by police, military, and rightwing militants.

street laborer: Sweeper (old school)

Almost fifty years later, harkening back to my first visits to Mexico City in 1974, it is surprising how many things are still the same.  Some are simple like the whistle of the knife sharpener in the neighborhood, which we heard staying in Contessa in 2015.  The street vendors, cart pushers, and constant presence of manual labor, cheaply regarded, both in private and public settings also still seems the same.

Cuaron, being interviewed by The Guardian, after the paper named the film the best of 2018, offered the clearest comments about the personal being political and the political always being prominent in answer to their questions:

Has Roma made you think differently about your childhood?
Not only my childhood; it has made me reassess many things, including my own complicity in certain situations – such as hierarchical society and the relationship between class and race that is prevalent not only in my country, but throughout the world.

What scenes do you find most personally painful in Roma?
There are many scenes. But what gave me the biggest pains were the scenes about the bubble of this middle-class family. This movie is set in 1971, and the social problems have actually got worse since then. That is really painful. Yesterday, we received good news about domestic workers, who have been campaigning for social security and to be legally protected. The judges declared it was discriminatory not to grant them those rights. What is so scary, though, is the amount of racist commentary about this on Twitter. And when Yalitza was on the cover of Vogue, you have no idea of the amount of racist comments about it. So, 1971 or 2018? The problems are even more acute today.

This is a film worth watching, whether you are in Mexico City or not.  The themes and concerns are universal and need to be seen uncomfortably, just as they exist in reality.

street laborers: Uber eats


The Color Barrier for Black Men is Mile High Preventing Equality

New Orleans   An exhaustive study of Census Bureau figures for 20 million people now in their late 30s by researchers from Stanford and Harvard has produced some terrible facts that establish firm proof behind what many have suspected:  race is ubiquitous in oppressing and institutionalizing inequality among African-American men.

As a community organizer, one of the most frightening discoveries of this study is that that this is true in virtually every census track in the country.  In other words, there is no community that is a model.  Among the best might be Silver Springs, Maryland, a Washington suburb, but for the most part the rest of the country discriminates at some level or another constantly in terms of inequality according to the facts of the matter.  Worse, this constant racism reverberates over and over again in other areas as well when it comes to black men.

To draw from the New York Times:

  • Black boys raised in America, even in the wealthiest families and living in some of the most well-to-do neighborhoods, still earn less in adulthood than white boys with similar backgrounds, according to a sweeping new study that traced the lives of millions of children.
  • White boys who grow up rich are likely to remain that way. Black boys raised at the top, however, are more likely to become poor than to stay wealthy in their own adult households.
  • Most white boys raised in wealthy families will stay rich or upper middle class as adults, but black boys raised in similarly rich households will not.
  • Even when children grow up next to each other with parents who earn similar incomes, black boys fare worse than white boys in 99 percent of America. And the gaps only worsen in the kind of neighborhoods that promise low poverty and good schools.
  • Black and white girls from families with comparable earnings attain similar individual incomes as adults.

The results of this discrimination correlate with experiences early in life.  The study also leads to the conclusion that testing does not accurately measure the abilities of black children.  Even when black men were boys they experienced the impact of poverty and discrimination differently than girls.  School discipline is inordinately distributed to black boys and young men rather than other groups.  This level of racism likely impacts employment access as the economy has become more service-based and customer facing than industrial and manufacturing.

The authors of the study believe that the data demands policy solutions that are specifically targeted to the individual and structural racism that impacts black men, and who can disagree.

Professor Kendi of American University nailed the results of this study to the wall, saying, “One of the most popular liberal post-racial ideas is the idea that the fundamental problem is class and not race, and clearly this study explodes that idea.  But for whatever reason, we’re unwilling to stare racism in the face.”

Likely that’s because of racism itself, Professor.