Tag Archives: Labor Movement

Nat LaCour and Labor’s Legacy

Pearl River     In the more than forty years that I have known Nat LaCour, I had never known his full name was Nathaniel Hawthorne LaCour until I regrettably had to read his obituary when he passed away recently at 82 years of age.  I bet there was a great story behind that name for an African-American boy born in New Orleans in the 1930s on the eve of the Great Depression.  With that name, perhaps becoming a teacher was destiny of a sort, but fate and circumstance made him a labor leader and a giant in New Orleans labor history whose work also shone nationally where he retired as Secretary-Treasurer of the American Federation of Teachers.

The obit mentioned that part of his accomplishments in New Orleans included achieving the first collective bargaining agreement for teachers in the South.  There was no mention of the several citywide recognition strikes he led to win that first contract.  There was no mention of the fact that under his leadership, the United Teachers of New Orleans – UTNO – was the largest union in New Orleans with more than 5000 members, nor that one of the main projects in the wake of Katrina in 2005 was breaking that union so that the privatization of schools by charters could finally come into the city.  UTNO was strong enough that both the Teamsters, representing school bus drivers until Katrina, and HERE, representing cafeteria and other workers, until Katrina, were able to nudge in and thrive in the district with “me-too” contracts to gain anything that UTNO was able to muscle through the bargaining table.

Building Local 100 through the United Labor Unions and the Service Employees International Union, Nat was more than a friend.  He was a comrade and adviser.  From the beginning in 1980 forward I would drive out to New Orleans East and sit with him in his office to ask for advice, which he gave, and help, which he also gave willingly.  UTNO’s support was critical to the three terms I served as Secretary-Treasurer of the New Orleans AFL-CIO and to many of our campaigns including the living wage ballot initiative and the HOTROC campaign to organize the hospitality industry.  We were in debt to UTNO and the generosity of Nat’s leadership.  Projects and organizing drives that ACORN ran with AFT nationally benefited from Nat’s endorsement as part of their leadership team.  He vouched for us, and it mattered.

Breaking UTNO after Katrina has weakened the entire labor movement in New Orleans which until then was arguably the strongest in the South.  Although Local 100 had won representation rights and a collective bargaining agreement for city workers, breaking UTNO made it easier for the city to do the same for our sister SEIU local to whom we had transferred the contract before the storm. Shrinking the labor movement reduced labor’s voice and role in policy and politics for working people throughout the city.  Nat had been able through the strength of UTNO to gently force the smaller building and trades and other unions, whose members had largely left the city, to practice more solidarity on citywide issues for working people and the Black majority, and that voice was silenced as teachers and others had to fight for their very survival.

A measure of Nat’s stature was the fact that the auditorium of McDonough 35 near the St. Bernard housing project was opened for his funeral to allow social distancing.  There was a respectable crowd.  A photo montage that ran in the background before the service paid tribute to his work at all levels, as did memorial testimony from different current officials of the AFT.

A footnote to the weakening of the labor movement in the city over the last fifteen years was also subtly in evidence.  I sat next to a retired veteran of the postal workers.  I saw no leaders of other unions or the building trades.  The head of the central body wasn’t there.  Twenty years ago, a local labor leader would pass, and nothing was said, but everybody knew that they would see each other there.  Solidarity would be on display, respect and appreciation would be expressed, recognition shown for dues paid and still owed.  This time as I parked in the lot before the ceremony, the security guard felt obliged to ask if I was there for the funeral or some other event, because being white, I stood out. Times have changed, as unions have weakened, so have the bonds that hold workers and their unions together.

Honoring the life and legacy of Nat LaCour means rebuilding unions in New Orleans and among workers everywhere who are willing to fight as he did to build something that protected the workers he represented and the community where they lived, along with their neighbors, their work, and their unions as well.

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Union Membership Continues to Tank in USA, Time for “Majority Unionism”

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Picture from the latest issue of Social Policy, available at socialpolicy.org

New Orleans               The Bureau of Labor Statistics has released the figures on union membership and density for 2014 and for workers in general.  The good news is that there are more jobs and more people are working.  The same ol,’ same ol,’ bad news is that the weakening labor movement in the United States has fallen behind even farther, since growth in jobs no longer equals increasing membership.

The USA numbers are frightening.  There are now 14.6 million union members.  7.4 million are in the private sector, where most of the jobs are.  7.2 million are in the public sector which is under assault.  The density of union membership for public employees is 35.7% even in the face of massive resistance in Wisconsin and elsewhere with more predicted on the horizon as Republican controlled legislatures settle into their new power.  The density in the private sector is now down to 6.6% giving credence to the handwringing of the past when union organizing directors for the AFL-CIO would warn the troops that without work we would soon be at 5%.  Sounds like we’re knocking on the door now.

In These Times reported on a recent conference in DC called “American Labor Movement at a Crossroads.”  Reading the report the only encouraging news was that finally more leaders and organizers are embracing the notion of organizing workers into unions outside of the obsession with “exclusive representation,” in what I continue to call a “majority unionism” strategy, and others refer to as “minority” unionism.  There’s traction now, as we’ve argued, following the UAW’s effective strategy with Local 42 in Chattanooga where they are well on their way.  Other unions are being forced to learn how to operate in this way increasingly in the wake of the Harris v. Quinn decision hammering homecare worker agency shop payments for our sister union in Illinois.  The rising tide of so-called “right to work” legislation is also going to force the issue of whether or not something is better than nothing and any union is better than no union at all.

The In These Times story underlined a dispute in the conference between labor strategist Rick Yeselson who seems to have argued that we should build a “fortress” around existing labor strongholds and hope something good emerges in the future and David Rolf of SEIU 775 in Seattle who rejoined that “adaptation is the lesson of species survival.”  No doubt, Brother Rolf scored on the riposte, but sadly Yeselson’s argument seems what most unions, including SEIU, are doing in many regards when it gets down to money spent and boots on the ground.

It’s hard for me not to drink deeply of my own Kool-Aid when I review reports from our Local 100 United Labor Unions organizers on our year-to-year struggles to grow and hold on to our 2000 members in Arkansas, Texas, and Louisiana, and talk to Suresh Kadashan, ACORN International’s organizer in Bengaluru where we have seen our unions grow to 35,000 members in the five years we have been concentrating on this strategy.  My comrades at our recent Year End/ Year Begin meeting were taken aback when I recounted my conversation with the organizing director of the 3rd largest union in the United Kingdom on their program to try to move as many of their 500,000 members as possible from dues checkoff to bank drafts and direct debits so that they could recast their organization around their members, rather than their employers.

The universal law of organizations has always been that you either grow or die.    For me it’s not enough to be right.  I want to see our work survive and our members thrive.  There really isn’t much choice anymore.

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