Tag Archives: labor union

The Hot Shop Organizing Problem

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April 13, 2021

New Orleans               The postmortem on the Amazon organizing campaign and union election in Bessemer continues, both among close observers and organizers, as well as the many in business and politics with their finger in the wind trying to gauge the future of union and worker power in the American economy. A friend and comrade active in the European labor movement while living and working from Berlin shared an interesting perspective published in Against the Current by the well-regarded professor and researcher San Francisco-based John Logan entitled “Bravery, not Blowout.”

In examining the election, Logan makes a number of solid points. Certainly, the decisions by organizers on the ground were difficult, and should be respected. Absolutely, anyone not personally active in the campaign wouldn’t have the same information as the union in the fight. Categorically, none of us as organizers like being second guessed, even as we know we do our best and live with the consequences of our decisions. I appreciate Logan’s full-throated advocacy and defense.

Nonetheless, as inarguable as it is that workers were brave in this campaign, that doesn’t alter the awesome weight that union organizers must carry about how to use that bravery the best and husband it to build a union. Nor, as I’ve argued before, does raising the potential vote count for the RWDSU in this contest to 1000 votes by resisting the company’s tactical use of vote challenges to depress their vote, change the fact that it was a devastating defeat, and fairly characterized as a “blowout,” not matter how the shoe pinches. The loss would have still been almost 2 to 1, and that doesn’t count almost 2500 workers who resisted the union’s campaign and voted their indifference in the contest by simply not voting. 1000 votes out of almost 6000 is fairly stated as a blowout.

Logan argues that all of the debate and publicity on the election in some ways makes it all worth it. Perhaps. We all certainly hope so. I believe that would have also been achieved as well if the union had chosen to block the election by filing unfair labor practices, and that it would have acknowledged the bravery of the pro-union workers without forcing them to live through a humiliating defeat.

The real problem in how we count the chips as they fall as organizers may be how we understand handling a “hot shop” of workers versus actually building a union. There is no union organizer who has not fallen prey to the “hot shop” dilemma. I have never been able to say “No” to a group of workers, tenants, or community residents who want to organize. No matter where they are around the world, I can’t ever help but say “Yes!” But, even as I say, yes, and encourage and support their efforts, I am never confused about the fact that my work is not to simply mobilize their energy and anger, but to help them build an organization and wield power. Knowing that, hard experience and bitter defeats have taught me that there may also be times that I have to tell brave and steadfast people that we will lose this battle and must focus on building to eventually win the war. Organizers are not paid by members for their passion and empathy, but for their ability to present options, learn from experience, and exercise good judgment.

Building a union is different than mobilizing workers. A thousand workers in motion and voting for a union is indeed something, but the history of the working class and its struggles doesn’t teach that losing is a good thing. If we organize continually, we will win some, but even at our best, we’ll lose a lot, given the odds and our opponents. Mobilizing workers to act, to speak, to vote, has real value, when it happens, but doing so is different that organizing a union to make sure it always can happen and be sustainable.

Thirty-six years ago, I filed for an election with a great committee and 71% card support at Textron, a big shipbuilding operation in far east New Orleans. The campaign was long and hard. I could tell they had broken the committee and our assessments were turning bad. In an organizing campaign with some experience, you can smell death. The election was right after Thanksgiving, the company had posters with my head and a turkey-body. Our daughter was born during the campaign. What was left of the active committee, now isolated and attacked, wanted the election to make the price they paid worth it. We lost 2:1. I drive by that facility regularly now. I never heard from a single one of these workers after the election. The plant is still non-union.

Well-known now for her stint heading Planned Parenthood, Cecile Richards, while working as an organizer with our local, passed down a lesson from her father, who during his time was the premier union-side labor lawyer in Texas. He would say, “workers never have the right to vote NO against a union.” Think about it. I’ve never forgotten that maxim. Workers don’t advance in defeat. These aren’t “character-building” life-events, but contests to build collective strength through unions.

It still happens, as it did with us at Textron. Sometimes you roll the dice and get lured by false hope. Our job though is still to build the union and to put workers in the best position to win, not lose, and that means always protecting their organization and the ability to fight again, and win then. Workers pay the price in losing, even if the union, like RWDSU, goes on. If the job in Bessemer was to build a union there to honor and serve these Amazon workers’ bravery, I still believe blocking the election to allow those workers the chance to fight again in other ways, on firmer ground, and win, was a road not taken, yet available. It isn’t finger pointing to ask for an evaluation of other paths. As organizers, we owe it to the workers we serve, because there’s always a next time.


President Biden Says, “Join the Union!”

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March 2, 2021

New Orleans      John Lewis of the United Mineworkers Union and one of the founders of the Congress of Industrial Organizations, the CIO behind the hyphen in the AFL-CIO, famously had scores of organizers signing up tens of thousands after the election of Franklin Delano Roosevelt claiming that “The President says join the union!”.

It’s taken almost eighty years but this time it was Joe, not John, and President Biden came close in a video message — ironically on Twitter — to inferring the same thing, since neither really said those words. As importantly, he pointed out that this is not just his administration’s policy and program, but is a fundamental part of the National Labor Relations Act, and therefore the policy of the entire federal government. That’s not just his opinion, that’s a fact.

The occasion may have been triggered by the mail balloting beginning for Amazon workers at the almost 6000-strong Bessemer, Alabama plant, but his clarifying call for workers to join and support unions speaks directly to the entire working class.  He doesn’t mention Amazon, and that’s a good thing, because this applies to everyone whose shoulder is on the wheel, when he says,

Unions put power in the hands of workers. They level the playing field. They give you a stronger voice for your health, your safety, higher wages, protections from racial discrimination and sexual harassment. Unions lift up workers, both union and nonunion, but especially Black and Brown workers.

That was the heart of his message to workers, but he also has a message for employers as well, saying…

There should be no intimidation, no coercion, no threats, no anti-union propaganda. No supervisor should confront employees about their union preferences. Every worker should have a free and fair choice to join a union. The law guarantees that choice. And it’s your right, not that of an employer, it’s your right.

His message here is interesting, and just might speak to a new set of understandings for union organizing. No intimidation, coercion, or threats are all subjects for a charge before the NLRB. Anti-union propaganda is a fair game now, and should be outlawed or at least restrained, because such boss-messages do intimidate, coerce, and threaten. Pointing out that joining a union is a workers’ right and choice, and not that of the employer, is also an important twist. Too often current interpretations of US labor law, pretend that this is an even fight, when the employer controls the workplace, most communications, and the resources in a campaign that dwarf what the union can assemble in an election.

Biden’s emphasis on the union’s ability to protect against racial discrimination on the job and sexual harassment is also very significant, even though all unions may not be quite as ready to embrace this responsibility as he claims. He’s not hiding behind the long delays and toothlessness of the EEOC. He’s speaking to his base and the critical base his party wants to build and maintain. He’s also sending a message to construction and building trades that they better step up their game. He’s close to them, but he recognizes in this statement that many of them were way too transactional and cozy when playing footsie with former president Trump.

The media is talking about the fact that this is the most pro-union statement by a president since Harry Truman was in the office. One columnist quotes a Harvard professor claiming that presidents Carter and Clinton were anti-union. That’s not true at all, but to the degree they embraced neoliberalism, it too often ended up much the same and created a false sense of countervailing power that doesn’t exist in the workplace. Biden seems to be issuing a clarion call that curtseying before the altar of neoliberalism is also dead, and that’s also calling up the tune for a happy dance for all of us as well.