Tag Archives: AFL-CIO Solidarity Center

Apple Scamming Consumers on Sourcing and Worker Conditions

Tim Cook CEO of Apple and Workers at Foxconn Plants in China

New Orleans   Steven Greenhouse reported in the Times that Apple was claiming it was finally going to “come clean” on the real conditions of the work and workplaces of its largely Chinese subcontractors.  The reaction from those who understand the real issues and the nature of reviewing compliance with any kind of decent global standards for workers was immediate and critical, largely because once again Apple was trying to scam its consumers and the general public by covering up its naked disregard on these issues with a fig leaf.  The name of the fig leaf in question was the Fair Labor Association.

Within days of Apple’s announcement the CEO of FLA is already whitewashing Apple suppliers, when any real review or update would have been impossible.

Greenhouse quoted Jeff Ballinger head of Press for Change and a long time organizer, activist, and critic of some of these inspections.  Jeff is also a former staffer of the AFL-CIO’s Solidarity Center in Indonesia where he was expelled for assisting in organizing unions and raising these same issues in the mid-1990s.   Jeff and I are often in touch, and he forwarded me some comments he made as part of a Q&A on this Apple scam, and I thought I would share.  Among many other things, note that in making the “claim” of union involvement, FLA “forgot” to mention that all of the union had withdrawn because of the weaknesses of their inspections and standards.  http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000073151

Question    Assessments by the fair labor association began yesterday and will last for more than two weeks.  Let’s bring in the director of labor rights organization, Press for Change.  Jeff great to speak with you. The fair labor association you think it’s sort of the fox guarding the hen house. This is all “for show” here?

Well, they have a poor, 12-year track record.  Nike – that i follow most assiduously – not a lot has changed after the FLA started to inspect these factories.   In fact we have numerous instances where workers have fought for restitution from factory owners things that the FLA didn’t uncover or wasn’t concerned about.

Question    What i thought was curious was that Apple was the first tech company to join the FLA, Fair Labor Association.  Does, in your view, does that make the Fair Labor Association biased in any way because some of its members are the companies who are contracting these companies that are being audited?

I think it’s been biased from the get-go and the “spin” has already started. The head of the FLA gave an interview where he said unions had been at the founding of the FLA, which is kind of “technically” true.  When unions left that was one thing he didn’t mention. Unions got out of the FLA when they saw what the inspection regime was like and there wasn’t any enforcement power and from Apple’s side, Apple says that they were admitted to the FLA, as if it was some kind of an honor but, you know, you pay your money and you’re a member.

Question    So, in terms of who should then do the auditing of Foxconn, who would issue the most fair and objective report?

Well, you know, all this auditing can’t take the place of worker self-organization and you can’t do that in china.

Question    They should be unionized? Given that can you not form a union in China —

I understand, but there are ways – workers find ways. In Indonesia, between ’90 and ’95 through a combination of international solidarity and worker protest, workers raised their minimum wage 300%.  There are things workers can do.  But it takes the global attention.  It takes solidarity with some international labor rights organizations to keep the focus on and that’s what I’m hopeful for in this Foxconn case that unlike the suicide flap — that I thought would result in a real lasting kind of pressure campaign — it disappeared, and you know,  I think in this case because the FLA has this track record (of failure?), we can get some Chinese groups based in Hong Kong to look over their shoulder as they are doing these audits and really hold their feet to the fire.

Question    Don’t you inevitably  – on these supply chains – once a union is unionized – wouldn’t the supply chain be switched somewhere else.  It would go to Latin America?

Something interesting in Indonesia, as the wage was rising 300%, foreign direct investment increased over that period. I can show you a study by Berkeley economist that was published in the American Economic Review that documents that.  So, I don’t think that this “race to the bottom” is an iron-clad kind of deal.  China works very well for the tech industry and I don’t think they are going to pick up stakes if you double or triple the wage.

Question    Actually, Jeff, I just wonder.  We were talking about this issue that for any other company would be, I think, a little jarring, they are under a lot of public pressure.  Bad publicity you could argue. [But] the stock is up today at $503 a share.  Is that dispiriting to those of you trying to change things?

Not at all.  There is a disconnect.  It’s a very successful company.  I might point out that when Nike was in the cross-hairs, their sales in the U.S. fell ’96, ’97, ’98 and ’99 because of the controversy.  I wouldn’t expect, in this case, consumers would turn away from Apple but –  with the addition of social media – we’ll find different strategies to put pressure on this company.

Question    Do you see in any way the work you do returning jobs in America longer term?

No.  Not in any great sense.  But I am encouraged that some employers like New Balance in the shoe industry, for example, found a way to get the China labor cost differential between Massachusetts and China down to $2.50 a pair by using team assembly.  So I think there are things that smart companies can do to have some manufacturing base here and i think it would, it would apply to the tech industry as well.

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Informal Worker Organizing in Kenya

Discussion with AFL-CIO Solidarity Center in Nairobi

Nairobi Our annual check-in with the AFL-CIO’s Nairobi based Solidarity Center working in various eastern African countries like Uganda and Tanzania in addition to Kenya underscored my belief that the future of organizing has to be among the growing numbers of informal workers. Talking with director, Rick Hall, the real organizing excitement and accomplishment seems to be found in collective agreements won for floral agricultural workers and important new drives with informal fisherman around Lake Victoria among all of the water-sharing countries.

More worrisome was hearing the continued difficulty in implementing the important improvements in standards that had been established for urban and rural minimum wage rates and in other critical areas like the measures protecting domestic workers. The potential impacts of these measures are huge. As we all talked (the ACORN Kenyan organizers, Paladin Partners, and Solidarity Center staff) it was hard not to think about how door-to-door campaigns might work. When Rick mentioned that he wished they could canvass the middle and upper income neighborhoods distributing the standards and getting signed recognitions from householders to actually pay the minimums and provide the benefits, I found myself telling about the 1978 campaign when I moved back to New Orleans with the Household Workers Organizing Committee when we were forcing compliance with for domestic workers who were just gaining coverage under the Fair Labor Standards Act in the USA in that year and trying to make examples out of employers (the Gambino bakery family in city was our big “shame” target) who were paying way below and not paying the required social security payments. Now more than 30 years later Kenya is ahead of much of the world, and certainly Africa, but still has to move a campaign to make the law come alive.

The other story that was disappointing was hearing the ineffective enforcement program by the Labor Department in Kenya of minimum wage violations. Rick and his team were delicate, but it sounded too often like the act of making complaints by workers and unions was seen too frequently as an opportunity by inspectors to cash in from the companies by looking the other way. Seemed like another situation where the “crowdsourcing” tools we were talking about this week in Nairobi might also be effective for our friends and allies in labor unions.

Nonetheless, the story in eastern Africa is still encouraging as a bright light for organizing and organizers fearlessly putting together new and effective strategies and breaking ground for informal worker union. A story from Uganda of a terrible problem in a fish processing center that was the springboard to the fisherman’s organizing where a lockout pushed 400 workers out on the street with 40 active committee members fired when the plant reopened and hundreds of police working for the state and the company against the workers, also reminded all of us why this work is both so hard, and so important.