Tag Archives: community organizers

Organizers Traveling the Wayback Machine

New York City      Showing the documentary, “The Organizer,” in Harlem, it was fun talking to old veterans, Jeff Elmer and Mariana Davenport, and hearing of others.  Emma Graves-Fitzsimmons and I got a big laugh in the Q&A after the film when I acknowledged her as a daughter of organizers in the ACORN family after she asked a question, and she rejoined that if her mother and father hadn’t met at ACORN, she wouldn’t be here.  “Join ACORN see the world, fall in love, build power for people,” I offered as our new slogan!  Mariana mentioned after the screening how much she enjoyed the documentary and remembering “how young” we all were and our exciting the conventions and big meetings had been.

When asked how I’ve managed to now sit through the showings fifty times around the country and the world, I often mention that in addition to all that I have learned in listening to people, I have enjoyed seeing people come together to be able to share their memories with me and the deep love and commitment they had for ACORN and our life’s work, just as people have done over recent days in Philly and New York City.  In Washington, a young woman had approached me after a talk and showing of some clips at Georgetown, and said that her mother had worked for ACORN in St. Louis, Miami, and perhaps some other cities, but had passed away after she was born.  She wanted help connecting to anyone who might remember her mother and would be willing to share such remembrances because that would mean so much to her.

In doing so, I reached out to various veterans of ACORN in the 1980s, which also seemed to unleash great stories they shared of their own experiences in addition to fond memories of the young woman’s mother and their comrade in the organization.  Some are so priceless, it’s impossible not to share.

Fred Brooks, former organizer and canvass director for ACORN, said:

I have one simple story to relate:  Dallas Texas. Summer 1984, the year we had ACORN’s national convention in tents in the Trinity River Bottom.  I had been in Dallas for at least 3 weeks prior scouting turf and making maps for 1500 ACORN members to conduct the voter registration drive. I remember giving … her members their maps and directions to the turf. Apparently, her members had a blast, and it seemed to be the highlight of the convention for them. [She] told me how much fun her members had and gave me the simplest & sincere thank you I think I ever received from another organizer during my 10 years at ACORN.

Fred Brooks added later in the chain:

I have two other distinct memories of Dallas associated with you & quotes that are indelible in my memory:

#1: The late-night prep session with all organizers the night before the mass march on the Republican Convention on the last day. We were all packed into that huge tent. This was after the voter registration drive. As I recall you said we had already accomplished most of what we had come to Dallas for, and I think you were telling us to avoid arrests and the cops as much as possible and if any confrontation was imminent to get out there fast.  As I recall right before you mentioned getting out of there quickly, some crazed intruder on full-gallop horseback blasted right by the tent, not twenty feet away. One of the Guardian Angels who was working security tore after him on foot at a total sprint. It happened in a flash & you didn’t miss a beat. You said if arrests or violence seemed close “we should get out of there as fast as that” while pointing to the Guardian Angel sprinting after the horse at full gallop! I remember it being both hilarious and how unfazed you were from the weird intrusion.

#2.  I was part of the breakdown/cleanup crew and one of the last to leave the Trinity River bottom. We were exchanging our thoughts about the previous 3 days and your summation was “We really threw it up against the wall this time.”  Whatever I said must have impressed you because 5 months later in your closing speech at YE/YB you mentioned me and my resilience and positive attitude at the convention as an inspiration in the middle of a hard year at ACORN. Not sure what to make of these 34-year-old memories, but I cherish them.

Peter Wood, long time national canvass director for ACORN, added:

I helped resurrect a canvass team in St. Louis and worked with her in establishing an ACORN Paper Business as means of helping her meet her self-sufficiency goals. She had one of the most enthusiastic attitudes of anyone I worked with in setting these up and really worked the model to optimize their success.  She was a true believer in the ACORN vision and the hours she worked towards the fulfillment of its mission in Miami and St. Louis are a testament to her strength of heart.

Pat McCoy, former canvass director, organizer, regional director and national training director, and now executive director of an ACORN successor organization in North Carolina, summed up with even more stories:

Memories feel increasingly random for me, and often conflated. Retrieval systems have not expanded to keep pace with the sheer volume of odd information crammed inside. But ACORN conventions did provide many that are easy to call up. Above all the one there that stands out for me is Sunday morning in Philly ’82. We were hitting all the hotels where the mid-term delegates were staying simultaneously, and I was one of the runners between you, Wade, and the hotels, which were in a three or four-block radius around. At one point while at the hub I could blue police lights flashing at five or six locations at once. It was a scene worthy of a Hollywood political thriller, and I thought to myself: Damn, this is wild. And a whole lot of fun.

I also went with you, Wade, to help scout the route through the garages and bowels of the hotel where the delegates were meeting. Smuggling a couple of hundred members inside there was a pretty amazing feat. As you might recall, Jon [Kest] hadn’t been very forthcoming with the Philly Police Commissioner about our plans, and paid hell for it with him in dealing with the fall-out. Not that Jon ever cared much about that sort of thing. Again, wild, and a lot of fun.

Fred, a detail you left out of your recollection of Wade’s remarks about you at YE/YB in ’84 was his citing your own remark to him as the two of you were parting, which was, “See you at the next convention.” He mentioned how much it meant to hear you say that as we all looked back on what had been a challenging year for us financially and otherwise.”

More importantly, as I always emphasis in these gatherings, the work goes on. Pat added the same update in his note:

Off to DC with a van full of Action NC members bright and early this morning for a DC gathering tomorrow that will include 8 D Presidential candidates. There is a training today up there featuring Reverend Barber, whom we’ve gotten to know well over the years through the Moral Monday campaign.  And yesterday, we did an event in Durham as part of our own Race and Gender Equity Campaign (Beth [Butler, long time head organizer of Louisiana ACORN and current executive director of the successor organization A Community Voice] would like this campaign, Wade) that featured Elaine Brown, former Chair of Black Panthers before that all came crashing down, along with a Caesar Chavez/Delores Huerta march in Charlotte that Hector Vaca, another ex-ACORN organizer] put together. So not all these memories are distant, even if our org’s scale these days is a bit more modest.  Have a good Sunday, you all. Always nice to catch up.

That says it all.  The memories we cherish teach us about our lives and work in the past, but are most valuable when they keep pointing our path to the future.  Reading and hearing these remarks, the deep character and immense generosity of spirit and commitment of people doing the work also roars through in their remembrances, offering another clue to the strength and power of the community of organizers that dedicate so much of their lives to building great organizations like ACORN.

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Does the New Overtime Rule Really Affect Nonprofits and Organizers?

overtimeNew Orleans     Randy Shaw, the executive director of the Tenderloin Housing Clinic and its burgeoning empire, first challenged me to think about whether the new FLSA overtime guidelines would prevent any future prospects of building a farmworkers’ movement or an ACORN, both of which famously focused on building an army of volunteer and professional organizers working “long hours at low pay,” as ACORN advertised for years. The new overtime rules, long overdue, as more and more people are realizing, double the level of eligibility for overtime from a 2004-floor of a bit over $23,000 per year to the mid-$47000 range. On organizing programs that are not easily shoehorned into a 40-hour grid, such a jump seems like a huge budget buster and dream crusher. Both the US Public Interest Research Group, the Nader-created group of researchers and students, and Judicial Watch on the right had both expressed fears of the new rules impact and how it would hurt their work.

Looking into this all more carefully and going back to the basics, I remembered our many tussles with the fine men and women of the Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division, an understaffed and overworked group, I mean this seriously, the likes of which has few parallels in government. At different times we were able to establish organizers as discretionary employees and therefore properly salaried, which still maintains. I also remembered once on a Local 100 review shaking the investigators hand as he left, having concluded in the mid-1980s that we were not involved in sufficient interstate commerce. To make the story shorter, I finally shook myself back from my stupor and went back to the basics.

At one level, the gross expenditures to establish coverage under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) is $500,000, so a huge number of nonprofits in general and organizing efforts in specific are far under that number and face years of work to have any worries in this regard. More importantly, a DOL Wage & Hours circular dated as recently as August 2015 reminds one and all that nonprofit organizations existing for charitable, education, and similar purposes are in fact exempt from coverage of the FLSA and that this is a long settled matter in the courts as well. The circular importantly for membership-based organizations like ACORN and the original UFWOC, says that dues, gifts, donations, and the like are NOT counted at establishing the gross revenues, and in ACORN’s case those were the revenues period. Furthermore, the coverage threshold is established by commercial activity, and the DOL is clear that a nonprofit can also separate out the workers and revenue involved in any sales or commercial work so that only those workers are under the FLSA. The same separation can be done for any individual staff involved in regular interstate commerce like phone calls and travel between states.

So, why did ACORN worry about these issues for its organizers? First, ACORN was a complicated organization as any look at the more than 130 “banned by Congress” list would establish, yet we operated under one organization-wide salary and seniority schedule, so the mix-and-match would have diluted that solidarity of mission and commitment. Secondly, we were involved in hundreds of living wage fights, and the “optics” were sometimes issues, including the one legal test where we challenged the coverage in California. It was easier to raise the minimum of our scale in 2004 at the last FLSA adjustment on overtime to over the threshold and more clearly differentiate hours for non-field staff. Nonetheless, that doesn’t change the fact that we believed under the FLSA, like all other similarly situated nonprofits that we were legally exempt, and we threw in arguments over freedom of speech and association into the mix as well.

Why are the US PIRG and Judicial Watch worried? Obviously, I can’t be sure. The PIRGs contract a lot of their fundraising to a for-profit, which may have been part of their concern. Judicial Watch is a unit of other conservative operations to the best of my knowledge, so there might be issues that are not immediately obvious. For the most part though, if they were willing to take the heat, they could still cook the same way even in the new kitchen.

So in short, yes, a farmworkers movement could be built again under FLSA with the additional argument I believe still exists that all of its $5 per day and room and board were volunteers under the FLSA guidance, and an ACORN could also be organized again. The obstacles to doing so are many and mountainous, but they are not the FLSA or the new overtime rules.

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