Discrimination by Math

5399389a5e1ae61cf1eda5d0e84ef070Seattle   Having spent a week in Juneau, Alaska working with men and women dealing daily with the stigma and discrimination that comes with mental health challenges and disabilities, I should have been prepared for Cathy O’Neil’s Weapons of Math Destruction and its warnings of the pervasive, powerful, and often destructive and discriminating role that Big Data and the algorithms it is fueling are having on all of our lives. I wasn’t. But, I also wasn’t surprised.

One of the issues I heard about from the members of MCAN included being fired from jobs in violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). They didn’t know the half of it! O’Neil detailed the way that huge employers including lower wage service establishments like McDonalds and others are using personality tests with data driven questions that sort out people with any kind of mental health issue. A lawyer in Tennessee watched his son, a super student with two years at Vanderbilt University who had dropped out for a couple of semesters to deal with depression successfully, somehow failed to land any minimum wage jobs as a janitor, burger flipper, and so forth from a number of companies using the same blunt instrument of a personality test. He filed a ADA class action suit that is still pending. Even that may be only the tip of the iceberg since data driven, resume reader machines are also discarding applications with a few misspellings, bad typos, and other trivialities.

These WMD’s, as O’Neill cleverly calls them, are perhaps most destructive when it comes to the way too many of them from police and crime statistics to loan applications to even the efforts to get insurance or an apartment from a landlord are discriminating, often invisibly, based on the zip codes identifying where someone lives. The question may never say race or risk, but the zip code identifying the neighborhood plots the Big Data odds, and they do not stack up in your favor. Stop and frisk programs, common under New York mayors Guilliani and Bloomberg and now touted by Trump, under analysis revealed huge racial profiling and targeting of African-Americans and Latinos because of misapplied and understood algorithms.

It was also disconcerting, given our long experience in the United States and Canada in providing service at citizen wealth centers for low-and-moderate income families to find that algorithms employed by payday lenders, diploma mills, and other shyster, predatory operations that are datamining names and contact information from people who are going online to ask for information and access to programs to provide them advice or assistance. I shouldn’t have been surprised. I can remember complaining to our tech people years ago when we used Google Ads about the fact that I could be writing a Chief Organizer Report on our fights against payday lenders and find, embarrassingly, ads running alongside my blog for some of the same blood sucking, scammers I was calling into account in the paragraphs next to their ads. Duh!

It goes on and on. O’Neill cautions that there are dangers here, and they need to be regulated not just for privacy along the European opt-in system, but for transparency. If you ever thought, even for a second, that some of the “value-added” tests for teacher evaluations that many states have employed were valid or about the meaning of things like body-math-indexes and wellness, your application for McDonald’s would also probably be rejected.

She does argue that it is not the math’s fault, as much as the way the math is being used. With a different objective some of the same algorithms could be pointing people in the right direction, connecting them with resources, getting them out of prison, rather than in, and into a job rather than out on the street.

There seems to be no mathematical formula on when that miracle might happen.

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Big Mistakes on Countrywide and Healthcare Polls

Charles Blow

New Orleans   Charles Blow, the statistical columnist for the Times, did an excellent job today of “catching the cat,” as he called it by looking under the numbers of the polls around support or opposition to the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Looking at a Times/CBS poll that is widely cited by the Republicans as their evidence that the American people hate the ACA, Blow noted that the actual poll showed that 27% of those polled said that ACA did not go far enough and 25% said ACA was about right.  In simple math that’s 52% support for ACA, which undermines the Republican’s claims about the 37% that said ACA “went too far.”  Looking further at the cross references in the poll, he found that those believing it went too far only accounted for 27% of the poll!  Furthermore some of the folks that wanted the bill struck down by the court were “single payers” who wanted Congress to go back and give us a better bill.

This problem with math skills deficiency in America today pervades politics and should lead to some kind of legislation, perhaps something like a No Politician Left Behind bill?

Speaking of enormous math errors, the Wall Street Journal noted that our friends at Bank of America have now ended up paying an extra $40 billion for their originally ill-advised purchase of Countrywide Mortgage for $2.5 billion as it headed for the tank.  Fresh from negotiations with Countrywide, I can still remember the conversations that we had with the Bank of America folks we worked with on mortgage lending where we advised them it was a HUGE MISTAKE for them to buy Countrywide.   But, what did we know, huh?

Math is a tool, and could be a friend, if you embraced it.

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