Union-backed Walmart and McDonalds’ Campaigns Face Uncertain Futures

DSC_6745New Orleans    The emperor with no clothes is not a pretty sight, and it’s almost as bad when the finger pointing at him is Dave Jamieson, a labor reporter for the Huffington Post in a piece entitled “Labor Groups are Taking on Walmart and McDonalds. But Who Will Fund the Fight?” I don’t have anything against him or the Huff Post, but this was a story we knew would be coming, the only surprise might be that it took so long to get here, and it still seems to catch us unprepared with our pants around our ankles.

The trigger for this tale is the annual meeting of Walmart gearing up in Bentonville, which has also become an annual action by organizations trying to force one of the world’s largest retailers to more accountability and better practices and standards for its workers. This year OUR Walmart is once again on the scene, but now divorced from its supporter and financier, the United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW) union and trying to go on its own. A decade ago, UFCW did much the same thing with a competing effort called WakeUp Walmart not so much as to organize but to keep their brand and jurisdictional claims alive and compete with the SEIU-backed WalmartWatch and the multi-union effort we ran to prove that Walmart workers could be organized in Florida and to establish that we could stop their expansion with aggressive work and community allies both in the US and India. New leadership at UFCW jettisoned the program support for OUR Walmart leaving them trying to keep the flame alive, all of which seems terribly reminiscent of our earlier efforts.

Jamieson asks the simple question no one likes to hear in public about the viability of OUR Walmart and the sustainability of its effort without a deep-pocketed sponsor. He raises the same question about the multi-year expenditure that SEIU has made to organize McDonalds in companion with its support of the Fight for $15 campaign. SEIU has been resolute in its commitment to these efforts. Both campaigns can claim significant victories. Walmart did move on wages at the bottom. Not to $15 per hour but up to $10 across the board at a cost of billions. SEIU has seen dividends from its Fight for $15 in cities like Seattle and Los Angeles and in states like California and New York where it has significant membership, so they can claim some success from their advocacy. McDonalds does not seem to have moved any closer to the union than Walmart has moved towards UFCW, though closer observers with better information than I have claim that SEIU’s strategy is global, is sound, and may still yield significant organizational victories as well.

And, that’s the rub. Unions are not foundations. They have to eventually see members and dues or some direct benefit from the expenditure of dues or the reaction will be predictable, just as is was with UFCW’s leadership change. And, when it comes to funding, foundations are not a substitute for workers and their dues or workers and their unions. Foundations will shine a bright penny for a minute, but they will never double down to the level needed to get to scale in fighting giant enterprises like either of these companies.

Can OUR Walmart create a real workers’ movement at the giant retailer with a strategy that produces sufficient organization and membership that will finance a long struggle? It’s possible, we proved that in Florida, but that’s a 10, 20 or 30 year project, and would represent the life work and sacrifice of many to survive, and, even surviving, would, having proven the concept, still need support at some point to get to scale. The same transition will need to occur in the McDonalds’ campaign, but hopefully with the continuity of SEIU’s support and assistance.

No one else is going to finance these struggles without workers carrying a huge part of the weight. The publicity is great, but smoke and mirrors is not organizing. David Rolf of SEIU’s big Washington State local, was quoted as saying, “The old model has failed several generations … We should encourage these experiments, but we shouldn’t romanticize it. We still haven’t figured this out.” Certainly, he’s right, but his remarks must seem gratuitous to organizers and workers deep in the struggle. OUR Walmart has proven that the day of reckoning for such experiments comes quickly, so the time for figuring it all out for all of these organizing projects remains now, before it’s too late.

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Please enjoy Beck’s Wow. Thanks to KABF.

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An Organizing Retreat and Defeat at Walmart

UFCW-Walmart-ProtestNew Orleans     As we have looked at the effort of the United Food and Commercial Workers’ avowed aim over recent years to organize Walmart using various strategies, many of them based on our own earlier work, and some breaking new and different ground with OUR Walmart in mobilizing actions using the internet and launching mini-strikes with maximum publicity, our consistent counsel has been that this all could work, if (big if!) the UFCW was committed finally to supporting this campaign for the ten to twenty years it would take to win against the dominant employer in the retail sector and the largest private sector employer in the country. The verdict seems to finally be emerging publicly, that many of us have feared continually, and it is not promising for either workers at Walmart or the necessity for new and innovative organizing strategies and models.

David Moberg, the long-time labor reporter for In These Times, finally broke the news publicly in a recent piece called, “Which Way OUR Walmart?,” that many observers had feared was inevitable especially in light of recent developments.

Joe Hansen, International President of UFCW, had retired at the end of last year. Hansen had been a grudging, but fair and open-minded, supporter of our Walmart projects in 2005, though zealous of protecting the jurisdiction and tight fisted financially, forcing SEIU and the AFL-CIO to pay for us to establish the “proof of concept.” Internal labor politics around the split within the federation, hurt feelings around SEIU’s embrace of Walmart on healthcare reform, and general turf concerns, rather than the organizing results, most of which argued that our organizing strategies were working, made that project collateral damage with only the anti-FDI efforts in India surviving another decade. To his credit though once his grip on the union consolidated, he led the UFCW to expand the Walmart initiative, hired talented organizers like Dan Schlademan and Andrea Delhendorf, both formerly of SEIU to make it happen. From 2010 through 2014 the UFCW pumped up to $7 million a year into the effort.

People get confused. We may talk about a labor movement, but unions are not movements. They are highly political membership organizations, where existing, dues-paying members elect the leaders and pay the local union bills and those same officers. This is different from “likes” or press notices or attaboys. Every project like this whether to organize an industry giant like Walmart, fight for equality, or a $15 an hour raise has a hard “use by” expiration date, unless they end up increasing membership.

A new leader of the UFCW now has the same problem that Hansen did a decade ago. He has to satisfy the leaders and power blocks that swept him into office, and they want more members now in their own unions. So Schlademan is out. The budget is on the chopping block. Trial balloons are being floated about redirecting organizing and resources. There will always be something that waves a banner or a sign at Walmart, but this has the smell of death and finality all over it down to the fact that private donors and foundations have stepped in to keep OUR Walmart breathing a little longer. That worked for us another year or so after the plug was pulled too, but these donors will move to a new flavor even faster than union leaders did, and they will never put down the dollars that the UFCW invested, and that will continue to be needed to organize a company as huge and powerful as Walmart.

Déjà vu is painful and sad, particularly for the workers, not just at Walmart, but throughout the economy who continue to suffer and dream and be willing to fight, if given the opportunity, for a real voice and a real organization to advance their interests and give them voice on the job. Meanwhile Walmart walks away again, maybe a wee bit wiser, but without an organized workforce, whatever lessons they may have learned in recent years, will be quickly forgotten.

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Walmart Watch: Occupy Reunion, Bangladesh Fire, and Spreading Retail Chaos

after the fire at Bangladesh factory

New Orleans   The protests of Black Friday may be over but that’s about all that’s over on either Black Friday or the woeful Walmart watch.

Occupy’s Role in Protests

One interesting side note of the protests is the critical, though largely unrecognized, role of the remnants of last year’s Occupy Wall Street movement and its widespread activist base around the country.  Looking at stories about the OUR Walmart protests around the country it was interesting and ironic that in place after place, picture after picture, that many of the protests seemed more of an Occupy reunion than a labor-based or union led event.  Certainly, the efforts I shared from Baton Rouge and Tupelo, Mississippi were 100% Occupy actions, regardless of the pale green OUR Walmart t-shirts they were provided by the campaign, and the local reporters, long familiar with the Occupy activists made that point clearly.  A number of the wire photos from the AP and even the centerpiece California action featured signs identifying protestors as Occupy adherents.  Maybe the internet initiated Black Friday protests were a fall offensive in the Occupy reunion tour?

Walmart Bangladesh Supplier Responsible in “Horrific” Fatal Fire for 120 Workers

            Though this was unmentioned in the wire story or the Wall Street Journal story on the terrible textile plant fire in Bangladesh, thanks are due for the excellent reporting by Vikas Jajaj from the Times for categorically nailing the Walmart connection to the fire right down to the Faded Glory Walmart jeans and clothing brand in the debris and ashes in the fire’s remains.  Jajau cites work on the scene by the International Labor Rights Forum as corroboration for this information, but also found clear evidence on the supplier’s own website.

A document posted on Tazreen Fashions’ Web site indicated that an “ethical sourcing” official for Walmart had flagged “violations and/or conditions which were deemed to be high risk” at the factory in May 2011, though it did not specify the nature of the infractions. The notice said that the factory had been given an “orange” grade and that any factories given three such assessments in two years from their last audit would not receive any Walmart orders for a year.

A spokesman for Walmart, Kevin Gardner, said the company was “so far unable to confirm that Tazreen is a supplier to Walmart nor if the document referenced in the article is in fact from Walmart.”

I’m sure it would have crossed the line from reporting to editorializing for Jajau to simply call Walmart and its spokesperson, Kevin Gardner, a liar, but clearly there are no ifs, ands, or buts about it, he was lying like a rug!

There is blood on the hands of Walmart and other big name companies like Gap and Tommy Hilfiger.

Activists say that global clothing brands like Tommy Hilfiger and the Gap and those sold by Walmart need to take responsibility for the working conditions in Bangladeshi factories that produce their clothes.  “These brands have known for years that many of the factories they choose to work with are death traps,” Ineke Zeldenrust, the international coordinator for the Clean Clothes Campaign, said in a statement. “Their failure to take action amounts to criminal negligence.”

Criminal negligence almost seems too legalistic for allowing these conditions to exist, especially when your own inspectors have already identified the risks, and you stand by waiting for disaster to strike, as it has now so tragically.

Endless Black Friday Push

Some folks chafed at Black Friday morphing into Thanksgiving Day, but the last paragraph in a Times article reminds us that it’s all about the buck and that’s the real tradition driving these holidays.

“…Thanksgiving falls when it does in part because of the efforts of the retailer Fred R. Lazarus Jr., head of Federated Department Stores. He lobbied President Franklin D. Roosevelt to move Thanksgiving up a week — and thus extend the holiday shopping season.”

This might be a faceoff  between two giants, the NFL and the Walmarts of the world, but it’s all about the money, honey!

 

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Walmart: Black Friday, Open-Source Protests, Hot Shops, and Real Trouble in India

Walmart Protests in India

New Orleans  

“…every battle is won before it is fought.  And it is won by choosing the field of terrain on which the fight will be engaged.” Sun Tzu

Now that the UFCW national action day at Walmart has gone past its Black Friday expiration day, we can say pretty definitively, and largely without either reservation or embarrassment, that this was a successful media strategy for the union and its organizing effort, but certainly not an organizing effort itself.  If that was indeed what it was, then it was successful in getting wide attention for the organizing effort to the public, though that might have questionable value, and mobilizing the support of allies once again in targeting the USA’s largest employer in the private sector with 1.4 million workers and reminding everyone that unions realize that too, which can’t be a bad thing, even if we may have inadvertently taken out a huge national billboard that trumpets our weakness.

So what really happened?  According to the Associated Press story running around the country, who knows?

“Wal-Mart said roughly 50 employees participated in the events Thursday and a “few dozen” employees Friday. Company spokesman Dan Fogleman said that the number of associates who missed their shifts during the two days of events is 60 percent lower than last year. ‘It was proven last night — and again today — that the OUR Walmart group doesn’t speak for the 1.3 million Walmart associates,’ the company said in a statement.  The union group estimated that “hundreds” of employees participated nationwide.”

Steven Greenhouse with the New York Times offered important and more candid details from both the company and the union spokespeople, and:

“Mr. Tovar said the company did not retaliate and was always ready to hear employees’ concerns. He added, ‘The large majority of protesters aren’t even Walmart workers.’ He said the number of employees who missed their scheduled shifts on Friday was 60 percent lower than Black Friday last year.  The company said it was providing employees who worked their scheduled Black Friday shift a special 10 percent discount off Walmart purchases.  Dan Schlademan, one of the protests’ main organizers and the director of Making Change at Walmart, an arm of the food and commercial workers union, said it was hard to determine how many protests there were nationwide. He said OUR Walmart had commitments from employees and community supporters to stage some type of action at more than 1,000 stores. “This is open-source striking,” Mr. Schlademan said. ‘It’s going to take some time to know exactly what’s happening.’ He acknowledged that most of the demonstrators were not store employees but community allies, saying they shared the protesting workers’ goal of pressing the company to improve wages and halt any retaliation.”

I’m not sure what “open-source striking” really is, but I’ve got a bad feeling I have an idea how it working so far.  Josh Eidelson at The Nation provided some helpful, though disturbing insight as he interviewed a young Mississippi worker while trying to advance the argument that the Black Friday actions and the rest of the current Walmart organizing was a test for “high stakes on-line organizing,” which is very doubtful and perhaps more distressing to organizers.

“One of them is Cory Parker. A 23-year-old Tupelo, Mississippi worker, Parker said he lost his house because of Walmart’s low wages, only to have a manager tell him, “Why don’t you just go and live at a homeless shelter?” “I was already trying to start a movement in our store,” said Parker. So when a co-worker sent him a message on Facebook pointing out OUR Walmart’s page, “from the very first time I read that…I had set my mind to, ‘This is what I need to do.’” The Facebook page led Parker to an OUR Walmart conference call moderated by Mary Pat Tifft, a long-time OUR Walmart leader in Wisconsin. “She spoke directly to me,” said Parker. After he spoke up on the call, she found him on Facebook and arranged a one-on-one phone conversation. Since then, OUR Walmart has sent organizers to Mississippi to help Parker organize Tupelo workers for the strike.  Parker said that the web has also helped him withstand intimidation. After he became more vocal at work, he said, management tried to discourage him with group “captive audience” meetings and one-on-one threats. Parker said he discusses these experiences on Facebook with Walmart worker activists in other states who’ve experienced the same thing. “They will actually tell me it is OK to be scared,” said Parker, and they help ensure that “I don’t lose my sight.”

The Baton Rouge Advocate, which is now the daily paper where I live, gave more evidence here as they interviewed the solidarity Walmart worker protestor at a Walmart store in Baker in East Baton Rouge parish.

“Sparks [Walmart worker – customer service manager] said she has worked at the Baker Wal-Mart for three years and led a similar protest this spring.  She said other employees expressed interest in joining the protest but backed out.  She said that while her protest is protected speech, she wasn’t sure whether her decision to picket her employer would get her laid off or her hours cut.”

As an organizer, pulling all of these loose threads together seems to say two things to me, neither of which have anything to do with “open-source striking” or the claims for on-line organizing techniques.  First, that the UFCW drive is still suffering from a lack of lists, either because of the inability or unwillingness still to buy such lists or build such lists through normal and usual databasing, and then invest in sufficient on-the-ground organizing resources to do the real work of doorknocking, building organizing committees, and putting together real organizations in the stores.  Secondly, all of this looks like “hot shop” organizing using the internet, rather than sitting in the union hall waiting for the phone to ring.  Instead of the so-called organizing “leads” in the stores coming over the transom, they were zipping in through email or a Facebook message.  Those are great tools, but as organizers we know that whether old school or new school ways that we get the information, “hot shop” contacts almost never reveal hot shops for real organizing, but simply activists, and more often than not experience has proven in thousands of organizing drives, these are usually activists that despite their grievances and often courage, are unable to build a real base in their store.  If every unhappy worker was inherently a union organizer, then the union density in the USA would be over 90%, because workplaces are overflowing with issues and unhappiness.

The evidence for these conclusions is stark.  Even in the heartland of UFCW’s Walmart campaign, where the union directed the AP, there was one rightfully nervous worker from Englewood who walked out of the Walmart near there after working Thanksgiving Day.  Sister Sparks in Baton Rouge is an activist, but couldn’t pull anyone out with her at all.  She might wonder about retaliation, but this is not a real worry for her.  She’s still there more than 6-months after an earlier protest in the spring last year and she’s still a “manager,” though I hope for her sake that’s not a supervisory position in reality or what she believes is protected activity, isn’t at all.

How about Parker?  Brother Parker in Tupelo got a lot of support from the on-line community, and that’s great, but despite all of that the reality is unsettling.  The UFCW and OUR Walmart reportedly sent organizers down there to help him organize, but the results are disappointing.  The newspaper that covers Tupelo filed the following report on the protest yesterday:

“At 8 this morning, six people were in the grassy area next to the main parking lot entrance to protest Walmart’s low pay, benefits and “retaliation” against employees “speaking out.” We were there for about 40 minutes. Two Walmart associates were supposed to join them, but we didn’t stay long enough to see if they did.”

On-line support doesn’t seem like it was enough for Parker.

Sun Tzu, the Chinese master strategist and tactician, advises that we must always be careful to chose the ground where we will fight if we hope to win.  Black Friday every year is a national tsunami of media attention.  Walmart, not surprisingly, sweetened the pot for its workers to stay on the job with a slight discount.  They claim in other announcements that yesterday was their best Black Friday ever.  Probably hyperbole, but there’s no question that Black Friday is their ground, not ours!  The universal rule of modern organizing continues to be that “the threat is more powerful than the action,” and Black Friday might be a good example.

Meanwhile even if this were a press strategy, the real ground where the fight is being waged most seriously and furiously against Walmart continues to be in India where ACORN’s India FDI Watch Campaign is still in the thick of our long fight there.  As near as I could find The Wall Street Journal was crystal clear on what was “real” news and threatened Walmart with a picture of the demonstrators, including our own, trying to scale the police barricades in front of the Parliament building in Delhi yesterday protesting the government’s attempt to relax FDI standards in multi-brand retail.  According to the Journal:

 “Uproar over the retail foreign investment policy has dominated the first few days of Parliament’s winter session, which began Thursday, stalling all other business.  The main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party wants the government to agree to a debate on the retail rules, including a discussion of the Wal-Mart bribery probe….”

The New York Times and the Journal  led their stories on Walmart with the problems in India where yesterday Walmart suspended certain employees because of their on-going bribery investigation.  Both quoted, “The Economic Times, English-language daily, reported that the suspended employees included its chief financial officer and its legal team….”  Walmart can call them “associates,” but anywhere else it is clear that when you suspend your legal department in India for allowing the bribes to take place in all likelihood and the CFO for approving and releasing, and probably covering up, the actual payments, this is high level corruption in a corporate gangster culture.

This is the story that ran on the front page of the Times business page while the Walmart protests were buried in business page 5.  The Journal ignored the protest period and ran the bribery scandal on page 4 of that section.

The company is vulnerable in the USA, India, Mexico, and elsewhere around the world, but we have to pick our ground, and we have to fight them with real organizing weapons, not the new “smoke and mirror” internet machine.

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